Dave Kopel Second Amendment Newsletter, September 15, 2008

Dave Kopel's Second Amendment Project is based at the Independence Institute, a free-market think tank in Golden, Colorado.

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Please visit Dave Kopel's website, containing articles on the Second Amendment and other freedom topics.

Table of Contents

  1. New by Kopel: Kopel Book on Heller; Law Review Articles: Self Defense, Anti-Gun Origins, Christian Pacifism; Shorter Articles: D.C., Media, DNC, Post-Heller Debate, Obama and the Media, Al-jazeera; D.C. Council, U.N.; Article on Calvinism
  2. The Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates: Sarah Palin; Barack Obama; Joe Biden
  3. International: Canada; China in the Sudan; Philippines; South Africa; U.K.; U.N./IANSA
  4. Safe Schools: Improvised Collegiate Weapons; Armed Texas Teachers; C.U. Regents and Harsh Language
  5. Culture: NRA Polls; Insights Web Site; Wackos not disarmed; Alabama Enthusiasm
  6. State and Local: Chicago Suburbs Re-Arm; Baltimore Reporting; Massachusetts targets Manso; New Jersey BB Gun Prison Term; North Carolina Mental Issue Reporting; Ohio CCW
  7. Law: Volokh Tabulates Post-Heller Rulings; Wyoming Expungement Case; Kwon Decision; No Furlough for Hinckley
  8. Research and Scholarship: Adjustments after Heller; 14th Amendment Inclusion--or not; Originalist Sin; Swabbing Guns for DNA

New by Kopel

New Book!

The Heller Case: Gun Rights Affirmed!

David Kopel with Alan Korwin
Bloomsfield Press
Late September, 2008

Law review articles and monographs

The Natural Right of Self-Defense: Heller's Lesson for the World

David B. Kopel
Syracuse Law Review
Vol. 59, 2008

From a forthcoming symposium issue on Heller. Abstract: "The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in District of Columbia v. Heller constitutionalized the right of self-defense, and described self-defense as a natural, inherent right. Analysis of natural law in Heller shows why Justice Stevens' dissent is clearly incorrect, and illuminates a crucial weakness in Justice Breyer's dissent. The constitutional recognition of the natural law right of self-defense has important implications for American law, and for foreign and international law."

Pacifist-Aggressives vs. the Second Amendment: An Analysis of Modern Philosophies of Compulsory Non-violence.

David B. Kopel
3 Charleston Law Review
No. 1, 2008 (forthcoming)

Some of the philosophical roots of the Brady Campaign's hatred of self-defense and "gundamentalism."

Christian Pacifism Before Constantine

David B. Kopel
Working Paper
June 12th, 2008

This paper presents evidence of diversity on early orthodox Christian belief and practice on the issue of pacifism. The claims of some modern writers that pre-Constantinian orthodox Christians were almost all pacifist are not correct. In fact, some but not all of the early Patristic writers were pacifists. A significant number of Christians, including saints, served in the Roman army. The paper discusses Justin Martyr, Marcion, Irenaeus, Athenagoras, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, Hippolytus, Julius Africanus, Origen, Cyprian, Arnobius, and Lactantius, and also examines other sources of information about the early church.

New Shorter Articles

What Next for D.C.'s Gun Laws

David B. Kopel with Robert A. Levy
The Wall Street Journal
August 8, 2008

Congress should intervene to protect the Second Amendment.

Media's hypocritical fixation on Palin a boon to McCain

David B. Kopel
Rocky Mountain News/Denver Post (CO)
September 6, 2008

The culture wars are now a factor in the 2008 campaign.

After Heller: The New American Debate on Guns

David B. Kopel, Robert A. Levy, Dennis Henigan, and Erwin Chemerinsky
Cato Unbound
July 2008

This is a Weblog debate about the Heller case and its implications. Participants are Bob Levy of the Cato Institute, Kopel, Dennis Henigan of the Brady Campaign, and Erwin Chemerinsky. Kopel's entries are: "The Right to Bear Arms and 'Sensible' Gun Laws"  http://tinyurl.com/69ag8g; "Slope Still Slippery" http://tinyurl.com/69ag8g; "More on the 'The' and Pre-existing Rights" http://tinyurl.com/6558nz; "One Man's 'Sensible' is Another Man's 'Extreme'" http://tinyurl.com/5z39cz; "What Did They Mean in Massachusetts? "http://tinyurl.com/6dgktd; "The NRA and the Supreme Court" http://tinyurl.com/6n4s9r; and "In Scalia's Defense." http://tinyurl.com/6xg5gm

Freedom Unbound!

David B. Kopel
America's 1st Freedom
August, 2008
PDF files require Adobe Acrobat Reader or similar software.

In striking down the D.C. gun ban, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Second Amendment protects an individual right of all Americans.

Text and Twitter Your Way to Victory

David B. Kopel
The Rocky Mountain News (CO)
August 28, 2008

"Barack Obama's Democratic nomination triumph reprises one of the oldest stories in American politics: that victory so often goes to the candidates who best understand and exploit novel mediums of communication."

Full Picture of Obama Emerging

David B. Kopel
The Rocky Mountain News (CO)
August 27, 2008

What the media hasn't told you about the socialist, racialist, Barack Obama Sr. Plus, there is a bogus claim from Time that older Jewish voters who don't back Obama must be racist.

Interfaith Speakers Raise Questions

David B. Kopel
The Rocky Mountain News (CO)
August 26, 2008

"One of the speakers was Sister Helen Prejean, a Catholic who is one of America's leading crusaders against the death penalty... Also speaking at the prayer session was Ingrid Mattson, President of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA)."

Al-Jazeera analysis of Biden severely Flawed

David B. Kopel
The Rocky Mountain News (CO)
August 25, 2008

Dave clarifies the truth that contradicts what Al-Jazeera told its viewers about Biden, and the 'Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion' remark that cost the Republicans the presidential election of 1884.

D.C. City Council's False "Findings" of Facts on Firearms

David B. Kopel
The Volokh Conspiracy
July 23, 2008

D.C. City Councilman Harry Thomas has introduced a resolution titled "Sense of the Council of Future Handgun Resolution of 2008." He uses incorrect assumptions and false data to justify it.

The United Nations vs. the Second Amendment

David B. Kopel
The Volokh Conspiracy
July 21, 2008

Despite protestations to the contrary, the U.N. remains quite interested in constricting lawful gun ownership.

Magazine Article

The Calvinist Connection

David B. Kopel
Liberty Magazine, pp. 27-31
October, 2008

First year law students may be interested in observing the importance of contract law in the right of revolution against tyranny.

Presidential Candidates

Sarah Palin

Liberal media attacks: Sarah, Get Your Gun!

Sandy Froman
The Mercury (Pottstown, PA)
September 5, 2008

NRA Immediate Past President Sandy Froman here notes that the new Republican Vice-Presidential nominee may expect a storm of sexism, such as she encountered, from its ostensible opponents on the Left.

Girl Power

Sandy Froman with Gretchen Carlson
Fox & Friends
September 5, 2008

Carlson interviews NRA Immediate Past President Sandy Froman here for her take on the selection of Alaskan governor Sarah Palin as McCain's running mate.

Day 4: Ramsay Reports, Former NRA President

Sandry Froman with Ramsy Wharton
KGMB 9 TV (Honolulu,HI)
September 4, 2008

Here is yet another video interview with former NRA President Sandy Froman about Sarah Palin's selection.

When Barack's Berserkers Lost the Plot

Nick Cohen
The Observer (UK)
September 7, 2008

"When a hate campaign goes wrong, however, disaster follows. And everything that could go wrong with the campaign against Palin did."

Palin Exposes the Cultural Divide

Simon Tisdall
The Observer (UK)
September 8, 2008

"The Republican's vice-presidential candidate has come in for some stick since her nomination, but much of it has been unfair and divisive."

The bogus Sarah Palin Banned Books List

Michelle Malkin
September 6, 2008

"Take a look at the list below and you'll find books Gov. Palin supposedly tried to ban. . . that hadn't even been published yet. Example: The Harry Potter books, the first of which wasn't published until 1998."

Palin Rumors

Charles R. Martin
September 6, 2008

An ongoing list, with reader discussion, of rumors hatched in the hope of damaging Sarah Palin. As of this writing, 71.

Barack Obama

125 Shot Dead In Chicago Over Summer: Total Is About Double The U.S. Troop Death Toll In Iraq

September 5, 2008

"An estimated 125 people were shot and killed over the summer. That's nearly double the number of U.S.A. soldiers killed in Iraq over the same time period." As a state senator, Obama fought hard to prevent the weakening of Chicago's dysfunctionial gun laws.

Obama's Aim

David Freddoso
The National Review
August 27, 2008

"In 2007, Senator Barack Obama stood up for a gun owner. He endorsed Chicago Alderman Dorothy Tillman in her Democratic primary. Not only was she a gun owner, but she had even pulled a gun on her colleagues during a contentious 1991 ward redistricting hearing. . ."

Kilpatrick to city: 'There's another day for me'

M.L. Elrick, Jim Schaefer, Joe Swickard and Ben Schmitt
The Detroit Free Press (MI)
September 4, 2008

"In a courtroom this morning, Kilpatrick pleaded guilty to two felony counts of obstructing justice by committing perjury." Kilpatrick has been a prominent supporter of Barack Obama's candidacy, and a member of New York City mayor Bloomberg's Mayors Against Illegal Guns coalition.

Congressman Hinchey Accused of Swatting NRA Rep

Christine Pizzuti
Binghamton Press & Sun-Bulletin (NY)
August 27, 2008

"Rep. Maurice Hinchey, D-Hurley, is due in town court Sept. 9 to face a second-degree harassment charge after he allegedly swatted an NRA representative on the head at the Rosendale Street Fair in July." Rep. Hinchey has a 'C' rating from the NRA's 'Vote Smart' program evaluating members of Congress on 2nd Amendment issues. He was one of the superdelegates pledged to nominate Barack Obama at the recent DNC convention.

Congressman Hinchey (D, Ithaca, NY) charged with striking constituent

Associated Press
USA Today.Com

Here are details of Rep. Hinchey's career, which included a 'No Contest' plea to illegally carrying a loaded handgun in his baggage at a Washington D.C. airport in 1995.


Informational Web Page
The National Rifle Association

NRA's Political Victory Fund has established this web page, which contains data to illustrate the gulf between Barack Obama's claims of support for civilian ownership of firearms and his recent statements and actions.

18 Million Silenced in Denver

Alegre's Corner
September 4, 2008

"Regarding the [Democratic Party convention] roll call vote. I've spoken to many delegates in many states. It appears that the delegates who were pressured the most were in the Swing States. Anyone who had any sort of job in politics or the DNC were pressured the most to switch. Many Governors demanded that their delegates switch because they would not get any money for their state races if they did not. It boils down to the fact that the Obama campaign had power over the State Party Chairs. These State Party Chairs get the money for all of their candidates. If they did not switch they were threatened."

Joe Biden

Senator Obama's Choice, Joe Biden, a Good One for Gun Violence Reduction

Press Release
The Brady Campaign
August 25, 2008

"The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence praised Senator Barack Obama's choice for his vice presidential running mate, Senator Joe Biden. 'Joe Biden is a straight talker about the need for common sense laws to keep dangerous people from getting dangerous weapons,' said Paul Helmke, President of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence."



Newfoundlanders have Highest Per-capita Firearms Ownership in Country

David Whalen
The Telegram (Canada)
August 24, 2008

"If the federal government's numbers are right, Newfoundlanders and Labradorians are Canada's most heavily armed citizens, but also its least trigger-happy."

New Quebec Gun Legislation Comes into Force Today

Canadian Press
CNEWS: Politics
September 1, 2008

"The law bans the possession of firearms in schools and daycare centres and on public and school transportation."


Study says China Top Violator of Sudan Embargo

Barry Schweid
Associated Press
August 5, 2008

"China has been the 'most egregious violator' of a worldwide arms embargo, providing Sudan with the vast majority of its small arms and weapons used for mass murder in Darfur province, a private study group is charging."


Arming Civilians
The Daily Inquirer (Philippines)
August 26, 2008

"But why should citizens arm themselves and constitute themselves into a defense force when there are entities required by law to protect them from lawless elements?"

South Africa

Gun law to be challenged in Concourt

The Daily Dispatch (South Africa)
August 14, 2008

"The government's refusal to pay compensation for firearms handed in under the year 2000 Firearms Control Act is being challenged in court as unconstitutional."


Why Has Karamoja Failed to Disarm?

Frederick Womakuyu
New Vision (Kampala, Uganda)
August 31, 2008

"Despite the Government's efforts to disarm the Karimojong, recent reports indicate that the region has more firearms than anticipated. The Government has so far recovered 25,000 guns but a recent report by Small Arms Survey, a regional body that researches on armed pastoral areas, indicates that Karamoja has more than 150,000 guns."

United Kingdom

You have the right to shoot dead a burglar

Richard Edwards and Christopher Hope
The Daily Telegraph (UK)
July 16, 2008

"Home owners and others acting in self-defence were yesterday given the legal right for the first time to fight back against burglars and muggers free from fear of prosecution."

Calls for Tighter Gun Controls after Toddler Shooting

The Birmingham Mail (UK)
August 26, 2008

"Campaigners today called for legislation to make airgun owners liable for their misuse after an 18-month-old boy was shot in the head with one of the weapons."

United Nations/IANSA

Treaty Conference Seeks to Regulate Global Arms Trade

Alisha Ryu
VOA News
September 3, 2008

"Ministers and civil society leaders from 18 African countries, U.N. disarmament officials, and arms-control advocates are meeting in the Kenyan capital Nairobi to try to form a united position on a proposed treaty to regulate the global arms trade."

Ban welcomes new UN centre pushing for disarmament in Asia-Pacific

Press Release
UN News Centre
August 18, 2008

"Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today welcomed the launch of a new United Nations facility promoting disarmament and non-proliferation in the Asia-Pacific region. The UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, based in Kathmandu, Nepal, will focus on nuclear proliferation, illicit trafficking of small arms and light weapons, landmines and explosive remnants of war, terrorism and organized crime, and armed conflicts."

Safe Schools

Colleges Confront Shootings with Survival Training

The Associated Press
USA Today
August 26, 2008

"Hundreds of colleges across the nation have purchased a training program that teaches professors and students not to take campus threats lying down but to fight back with any 'improvised weapon,' from a backpack to a laptop computer."

In Texas School, Teachers Carry Books and Guns

James C. McKinley Jr.
The New York Times
August 29, 2008

The New York Times offers its own perspective on a Texas School District's decision to allow selected teachers to carry a concealed weapon for the protection of themselves and their students.

Small Texas School District Lets Teachers, Staff Pack Pistols

Mark Agee
Ft. Worth Star-Telegram
August 15, 2008

"Superintendent David Thweatt said a main concern was that the small community is a 30-minute drive from the sheriff's office, leaving students and teachers without protection." Here is a different perspective from that of the Times.

Regents Shoot Down Gun Proposal

Laura Snider
The Boulder Daily Camera (CO)
August 20, 2008

"Regent Stephen Ludwig, a Democrat from Aurora, was the first to respond to Mote's presentation: 'If you seek to change the policy of this board, I would strongly suggest you find some rhetoric that is based on sound logic rather than inflammatory statements. I'd be hard-pressed to ever support conceal and carry.' "


National Rifle Association Has Big Boost in Popularity

Political Lore
July 8, 2008

A poll by the Rasmussen Report found that the NRA's overall popularity rating increased after the Heller ruling, but that the organization's endorsement was slightly more likely to hurt John McCain's candidacy among respondents than to influence them to vote for McCain.

NRA Insights: News for Young Shooters

Informational Web Page
The National Rifle Association
September 3, 2008

"The National Rifle Association announces the official launch of NRAInSights.org, a comprehensive interactive website designed for NRA Junior members and their peers, created and maintained by NRA Publications, contains classic website essentials-games, videos and forums-as well as information making the site useful for educational purposes."

Survey: Alabama Gung-ho for Guns

Brian Lyman
The Mobile Press-Register (AL)
July 20, 2008

"Sixty-six percent of respondents said they own a gun and 46 percent have a permit to carry a concealed weapon. The telephone survey of 424 Alabama residents was conducted Monday through Thursday, with a 5-percentage-point margin of error."

State and Local


Chicago Suburb Drops Ban On Private Possession Of Handguns

Press Release
National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action
August 29, 2008

"This week, the Village of Morton Grove, Illinois agreed to a stipulated dismissal of a NRA lawsuit challenging the village's gun ban. A new town ordinance recognizes the right to private handgun ownership, bringing an end to NRA's lawsuit against the village. Morton Grove completely dismissed its ordinance banning handguns and agreed not to replace it with any direct regulation other than to adopt existing state laws." The removal of Morton Grove's ban on the ownership of handguns has been much less heralded than was its imposition.

Wilmette Latest Illinois City To Scrap Gun Ban In Wake Of Heller Decision

Press Release
National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action
August 29, 2008

"Wilmette officials have reportedly said the ban would probably not withstand legal challenges. A story on today's Chicagotribune.com noted that, unlike the other suburbs, Wilmette officials say they believe NRA didn't file suit against them because the village stopped enforcing the ban right after the Supreme Court ruling. The article also reported that Wilmette trustee Lali Watt says she doesn't believe her town has the necessary resources to fight NRA and keep the ban.


Jindal Signs Bill Governing Guns at Workplace

Associated Press
CW 21 KXPJ (Birmingham, AL)
July 4, 2008

"Over the objections of five powerful trade associations, Governor Bobby Jindal has signed into law a bill that gives employees more freedom to take guns to work."


City OKs Gun Theft Reporting

John Fritze
The Baltimore Sun (MD)
August 12, 2008

"Gun owners in Baltimore whose firearms are stolen would be required to report the theft to police under legislation approved by the City Council yesterday -- despite questions about whether the proposal is legal."


Author Peter Manso Faces a Decade in Prison for Nonviolent Firearms Violations

J.D. Tuccille
September 2, 2008

Massachusetts Police searching author Peter Manso's home in response to a burglar alarm discovered firearms in violation of the Bay State's numerous gun laws. Manso did not realize that his lifetime gun permit was no longer valid, because the legislature had retroactively changed the law. Manso, who was not at home, faces up to a ten year prison sentence.

North Carolina

Gov. Easley signs 16 Bills into Law: One Measure Denies Weapons to People Involuntarily Committed for Mental Health Help

Associated Press
The Charlotte Observer (NC)
August 10, 2008

"It denies weapons to people who have been involuntarily committed to mental health treatment. Court clerks will be required to put the names in a national database used in gun background checks."

New Jersey

Under New Jersey's New Law, Possession of BB gun Merits Three-year Sentence

Ken Serrano
July 6, 2008

New Jersey's recently-stiffened Graves Act mandates prison time for anyone possessing a projectile weapon while committing a crime--such as speeding.


Hidden Guns Easier to Carry under Ohio Law Changes

Blade Columbus Bureau
The Cincinnati (OH) Enquirer
September 7, 2008

"Concealed weapons permit holders can now keep a gun hidden in a car as long as they're carrying it in a secure holster, one of several changes to Ohio's conceal carry law taking effect Monday."


One of The First Post-Heller Second Amendment Opinions

Eugene Volokh
The Volokh Conspiracy
July 7, 2008

Prof. Volokh here collects and analyzes court rulings issued in the aftermath of Heller.

Wyoming Loses Gun Case in Federal Court

Ben Neary
The Associated Press
August 27, 2008

Wyoming's efforts to restore the right to concealed carry to citizens convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence failed in a Denver court, which ruled that the state's effort to expunge such convictions from the NICS database was invalid.

United States Of America v. Albert Kwok Leung Kwan

Thomas S. Zilly, United States District Judge
United States District Court, Western District Of Washington at Seattle
August 15, 2007
PDF files require Adobe Acrobat Reader or similar software.

"Defendant, a reservist, has two handguns (one a semiauto, one a registered full auto) and two shoulder stocks that would fit either. The shoulder stocks double as holsters, and he has one handgun in each when ATF raids him (on other grounds, which turn out to be a legal mistake). Government argument is that the semiauto plus the stock in which it was holstered equal an unregistered short-barreled rifle. The District Court says no -- using the Thompson Arms test, the two stocks had a purpose other than an illicit one, namely being fitted legally to the full auto."

Hinckley Furlough Bid Rejected

The Smoking Gun
August 6, 2007

"A federal judge has rejected presidential assailant John Hinckley's request for additional time away from the Washington, D.C. psychiatric hospital where he has been confined for the past 25 years." The web article also contains the text of the ruling.

Research and Scholarship

The Founders' View of the Right to Bear Arms: A Definitive History of the Second Amendment

David E. Young
Golden Oak Books

"Mr. Young's new book provides the documented information that conclusively settles every disputed point regarding the Second Amendment's history and intent."

Second Amendment Plumbing After Heller: Of Standards of Scrutiny, Incorporation, Well-Regulated Militias and Criminal Street Gangs

Lawrence Rosenthal
Working Paper
August 21, 2008

Rosenthal, a professor at the Chapman University Law school, here argues against the Heller decision's applicability under the concept of the 2nd Amendment's incorporation into state and local laws under the 14th Amendment.

Heller and Second Amendment Precedent

Nelson Lund
Working Paper
August 20, 2008

"This brief essay analyzes Heller's treatment of Miller. The interpretations of the Second Amendment in the two cases are irreconcilable. There was no legal need for the Heller Court to treat Miller as a binding precedent, and no legal excuse for pretending that Miller's holding was consistent with the interpretation of the Constitution that Heller rightly adopted. The treatment of Miller appears to be part of a larger political strategy in which the Court displayed a calculated faint-heartedness toward the original meaning of the Second Amendment." Lund is a professor at the Law School of George Mason University.

Anticipating the Second Amendment Incorporation: The Role of the Inferior Courts

Nelson Lund
Working Paper
September 1, 2008

"Nelson Lund, Anticipating the Second Amendment Incorporation: The Role of the Inferior Courts, argues that the 2nd Amendment should be incorporated into the 14th, and applied to the States, and that lower courts should not rely upon anti-incorporation case law and upon 'it's up to the Supremes to change things.' "

Heller's Future in the Lower Courts

Glenn H. Reynolds & Brannon P. Denning
Northwestern University Law Review
July, 2008

"The repudiation of this extensive body of case law suggests that the real test of Heller will occur once the lower courts, traditionally hostile to an individual rights interpretation of the Second Amendment, face the inevitable follow-up cases challenging other restrictive gun laws." The PDF version of the article is here: http://tinyurl.com/5use2z

The Wages of Originalist Sin: District of Columbia v. Heller

Jeffrey M. Shaman
Working Paper
July 17, 2008

"This essay analyzes and critiques District of Columbia v. Heller, in which the Supreme Court ruled by a 5-4 vote that the Second Amendment of the Constitution protects an individual right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia and to use that firearm for self-defense within the home. Justice Scalia's majority opinion in Heller strictly adheres to his belief that the Constitution should be interpreted by ascertaining its original meaning at the time it was adopted. Scalia believes that the Constitution has a static meaning and that changes in the world around us are of no relevance to constitutional interpretation. His exposition of the Second Amendment in Heller is bad history -- simplistic analysis that ignores the complexities of historical research. And his refusal to examine any policy considerations regarding the Second Amendment renders its application a desultory matter, haphazard in function and cabined by outmoded notions."

Two Essays on District of Columbia v. Heller

Mark Tushnet
Working Paper
July 30, 2008

Tushnet, a Harvard Law professor, has two essays soon to appear:(1) Heller and the New Originalism forthcoming in the Ohio State Law Journal and (2) Heller and the Perils of Compromise forthcoming in the Lewis & Clark Law Review.

IMPD Tries Out DNA Swabs on Guns

Vic Ryckaert
The Indianapolis (IN) Star
August 27, 2008

"Indianapolis metropolitan police will be testing a new tool that will allow officers to gather DNA from handguns at a crime scene. During the next six months, officers will be using the Trigger ID device to swab guns before they are moved, enhancing the chances for recovering DNA evidence, according to a statement released by IMPD Lt. Jeff Duhamell."

This newsletter is compiled with help from Dr. Rob S. Rice. For more on this cabined, yet omphalosceptic individual, see here: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rrice/rrice_hd.html. Dr. Rice's second published novel shall soon appear on Amazon.com, as a means of plumbing the lowest reaches of Amazon's sales ranking. You can learn much of that by probing here: http://tinyurl.com/5u75c5

Al Qaeda delenda est!

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